This is known as away from the market. Plain English Limit orders instruct a broker to purchase stock at a price lower than the current market price or to sell stock at a price higher than the current market price. Let's suppose that you want to buy 100 shares of XYZ Company, which at the moment is trading for $10 per share.
For example, if you were determining the P/E ratio on January 1, 2000, you would add the total of the dividends paid in the final two quarters of 1999 and then add what the company believed it would be paying out in the first two quarters of 2000.
In algebra we may use an expression like this: y ¼ f (x1, x2, x3) f(x) is, of course, a function.